Intellectualization of China's high-end equipment

2022-08-26
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Intellectualization of China's high-end equipment manufacturing industry is the general direction

recently, some experts pointed out that establishing a perfect technological innovation system is the key to the sustainable development of China's equipment manufacturing industry. The composition of the technological innovation system of the equipment manufacturing industry is basic research → common technology research → product development → industrialization. This structure shows that basic common technology is indispensable. The reform of the system of scientific research institutions in China has weakened or even absent the research and development of basic common technology, which has had an obvious impact against the overall innovation. At present, it is urgent to rebuild the public service platform of basic and common technology research by using the Transformation Research Institute, otherwise it will affect the whole strategic process of establishing an innovative country in China

recently, the decision of the State Council on accelerating the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries was released, "high-end equipment manufacturing industry" was listed as one of the seven strategic emerging industries. This is a signal that the high-end equipment manufacturing industry is "favored", which has triggered the market's enthusiasm for investment in high-end equipment manufacturing industry

after becoming bigger, we should become stronger

it can be said that at present, China's equipment manufacturing system is very perfect. As long as it is equipment, production enterprises can be found in China, which is not available abroad. According to the statistical data of 2009, the total scale of China's equipment manufacturing industry has reached $2.2 trillion, while the total manufacturing industries of the United States and Japan are $1.5 trillion and $1.23 trillion respectively. The industrial scale ranks first in the world

however, while "expanding", most of the development of China's manufacturing industry is still at the low end of the industrial chain, mainly producing low value-added products, and the front-end R & D and design and back-end sales links are controlled by others. It is overly dependent on investment growth, weak independent innovation ability, lack of core technology and independent brands, and inefficient use of energy resources Problems such as lagging basic supporting capacity have been perplexing the sustainable development of China's equipment manufacturing industry. At present, although China's equipment self-sufficiency rate has reached 85%, it is mainly concentrated in the middle and low-end market, and high-end equipment is still mainly dependent on imports

for example, power equipment is the most outstanding field of independent innovation of high-end equipment in China. Our conventional thermal power equipment has been done very well, but the instrument and control systems of nuclear power and gas-fired power generation equipment are still partially dependent on imports

how far is the gap between domestic equipment enterprises and international giants? Let's make a simple comparison. As a giant in the equipment manufacturing industry, General Electric had an operating revenue of US $157 billion in 2009, while China machinery industry group, the largest enterprise in China's equipment manufacturing industry (excluding automotive enterprises), had an operating revenue of just over 100 billion yuan last year. At present, the equipment manufacturing industry is generally facing the dilemma of low overall profit level. Although a number of backbone enterprises in the industry have developed rapidly, the large production scale and low economic benefits restrict the enterprises from becoming bigger and stronger

actively seize the commanding height

the equipment manufacturing industry is known as the "industrial machine", which is the cornerstone of the manufacturing industry. With a strong equipment manufacturing industry, we can be regarded as a real manufacturing power. The high-end equipment manufacturing industry is an important engine for the upgrading of the manufacturing industry. Looking at the world, the United States, Japan, Germany and other world equipment manufacturing powers all follow the concept of controlling the design and manufacturing of high-tech and high value-added equipment, promote the improvement of the overall quality of the industry, attach importance to the optimization and upgrading of the traditional equipment manufacturing industry with high technology, attach importance to high-end manufacturing, and maintain industrial advantages. Therefore, in China, the cultivation of China's first self-developed domestic large aircraft C919 successfully flew in Shanghai in May, which has also become a key breakthrough in the transformation of the equipment manufacturing industry from large to strong

moreover, as a basic industry providing technical equipment for national economic development and national defense construction, equipment manufacturing industry is an important guarantee for industrial upgrading and technological progress of various industries, and a concentrated embodiment of the country's comprehensive strength and technological level. Therefore, the development of high-end equipment manufacturing industry is of great significance to promote the development of the national economy. Facing the challenges of intensifying global competition, increasingly severe environmental resource constraints and the shortage of senior talents, China needs to attach great importance to the development of high-end equipment manufacturing industry from a strategic perspective to promote the revitalization of the entire equipment manufacturing industry and more effectively provide equipment and services for emerging industries in various fields. For a long time in the future, it is an inevitable choice for China to cultivate and develop the high-end equipment manufacturing industry as a strategic emerging industry and embark on the innovation driven and internal growth track

intelligence is the general direction

so, which industries are high-end equipment manufacturing industries? What is the focus of the next development? Summarizing the views of experts, the fields covered by the high-end equipment manufacturing industry mainly include aviation equipment, satellite and its application industry, rail transit equipment, marine engineering equipment, intelligent manufacturing equipment, etc. These industries have the characteristics of technology intensive, high added value and strong driving effect. They are the high-end part of the equipment manufacturing industry, and they are all emerging industries. Traditional industries cannot be included. For example, although megawatt ultra supercritical power generation units also belong to the high-end part of the manufacturing industry, they belong to traditional industries, so they cannot be included in the key development fields of high-end equipment manufacturing

in all fields of high-end equipment manufacturing, intelligent manufacturing equipment is still a relatively new concept, and it is also a field of great concern. The so-called intelligent manufacturing equipment is a manufacturing equipment with the functions of perception, analysis, reasoning, decision-making and control. It is the integration and deep integration of advanced manufacturing technology, information technology and intelligent technology. The main contents of the development of intelligent manufacturing equipment include: focusing on promoting the development of high-end CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment, automated complete production lines, intelligent control systems, precision and intelligent instruments and test equipment, key basic parts, components and general components, and intelligent special equipment, realizing the automation, intelligence, precision, and greening of the production process, and driving the improvement of the overall technical level of the industry. For example, in the field of precision and intelligent instruments and test equipment, we should focus on the development of intelligent pressure, flow, material level, composition, materials, mechanical properties and other precision instruments and scientific instruments, as well as special detection instruments for environment, safety and national defense, according to the development needs of biology, energy conservation and environmental protection, petrochemical and other industries. In the field of key basic parts, components and general components, we should focus on the development of high parameter, high precision and high reliability bearings, hydraulic/pneumatic/sealing components, gear transmission devices and large, precision, complex and long-life molds

in the field of intelligent special equipment, we should focus on the development of a new generation of large-scale power and electrical equipment, robot industry, full face roadheader, fast integrated flexible construction equipment and other intelligent large-scale construction machinery, as well as large-scale advanced and efficient intelligent agricultural machinery

in addition, we should also take large aircraft, regional aircraft and general-purpose aircraft as application objects, adopt aircraft manufacturing, Shenyang Economic and Technological Development and identification bureau to successively receive a number of alarms, combine machine tool manufacturing with material production enterprises, and focus on the development of composite material preparation equipment, automatic auxiliary belt/auxiliary wire equipment, component processing machine tools, ultrasonic processing/high-pressure water cutting equipment, etc

to avoid repeated investment

of course, the development of high-end equipment manufacturing industry also faces many problems that need to be solved urgently. Due to the large investment and long cycle of equipment manufacturing industry, it often requires systematic overall cooperation. Therefore, each country often needs to be promoted and supported by the government in the development of major equipment industry. As high-end equipment manufacturing has risen to the national strategic level, it has become a common voice in the industry to expect the introduction of more detailed support policies. According to the media, the key points of the follow-up measures may include: increasing pre tax deduction for research and development, solving the problem of tariff inversion, encouraging the use of the first set of domestic equipment in combination with national key projects, supporting funds, promoting the introduction of technology while introducing equipment, and accelerating the capacity of Chinese enterprises to absorb chemicals

some experts pointed out that while encouraging the equipment industry to march towards the high-end, we should also pay attention to avoiding mistakes. In the past, in the process of developing the equipment industry, some places and enterprises relied excessively on the extensive development mode of large-scale investment of resources and funds, which led to overcapacity of general products, formed vicious competition in some fields, disrupted the market order and seriously hindered the development of high-end products. Due to the large amount of investment in factors, it also led to the convergence of regional structure, the blind pursuit of GDP and local fiscal growth, aggravated the phenomenon of repeated investment and overcapacity in the region, and even aggravated the waste of resources and environmental pollution. To this end, experts stressed that the development of high-end equipment industry must be precise, realistic and stable

in addition, experts believe that the development of high-end equipment industry should focus on cultivating the industry. It is common to see aluminum shovel breaking when cooking, shovel breaking when digging, and pickaxe splitting into two when digging. There are not many enterprise groups with international competitiveness in China's equipment manufacturing industry. The industrial clusters around large backbone enterprises have not yet formed. Regional isomorphism, large and complete, and small accelerate the upgrading of plastic granulator technology, while the full production mode still exists. It is not only facing serious horizontal competition, but also facing the problems of imperfect industrial chain and ineffective coordination of upstream and downstream enterprises

note: the reprinted content is indicated with the source. The reprint is for the purpose of transmitting more information, and does not mean to agree with its views or confirm the authenticity of its content

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